Užliedžiai is located on the left bank of the river Nevėžis. The river Nevėžis flows on the western outskirts, the slope forms a part of Nevėžis Landscape Reserve. This residential area was first mentioned in 1680, Užliedžiai village – in 1744, and the manor – at the end of the 18th century. It belonged to Józef Zabiełło, the representative of famous noble family, who in 1770 was granted privilege by the King Stanisław II Augustus. It is believed that the name of the village derives from the river Lieda, the left tributary of the river Nevėžis, that flows in the south.
The present Užliedžiai Eldership was established in 1995. As the city of Kaunas expanded, from 1 January 1997, the territories of Žemutiniai Kaniūkai (Lower Kaniūkai) and Aukštutiniai Kaniūkai (Upper Kaniūkai), as well as most of the territory of Romainiai villages were transferred to the eldership.
Currently, Biviliai, Giraitė, Kudrėnai, Linkuva, Naujieji Muniškiai, Paparčiai, Paltiškiai, Romainiai, Romainių Kaimelė, Sausinė, Užliedžiai, Vijūkai and Žemaitkiemis villages belong to the eldership. The eldership is divided into eight sub-elderships.
The eldership has the population of more than 4,300 people. The area of the eldership is 3,416 ha, 51.25% of them are forests, 34% - agricultural land, 3.1% - waters, and 11.7% - areas of other purpose. The river Lieda, from which the name of Užliedžiai derives, crosses the territory of the eldership (the name of Sausinė village derives from the stream named Sausinė).
In 2009, the 1000th Anniversary of the Name of Lithuania and the 265th Anniversary since when the name of Užliedžiai village was first mentioned in historical sources were solemnly celebrated in the eldership. On this occasion a monument was unveiled by the Cultural Centre, the Coat of Arms and the flag of the eldership were presented.
When the training farm of Lithuanian Veterinary Academy was developing, and after two new farm houses were built near Muniškiai village, a new Muniškiai settlement, in which about 300 people resided, was established. By the Resolution No 160 of the Government of the Republic of 14 February 2005, Muniškiai village located in Užliedžiai village was renamed to Naujieji Muniškiai. Since the territory of the eldership is divided by Kaunas-Klaipėda highway, in 2006 a pedestrian overpass was built for the convenience of the local residents, and in 2010 a new road to Naujieji Muniškiai was built using the funds of the European Union.
Užliedžiai, Giraitė are expanding rapidly, new private dwellings and apartment houses are built. The population of the eldership has doubled in ten years. Today more than 4,323 people reside in the eldership. The local population is also significantly younger: new settlers are mainly young families with children. The changed economic situation has led to revival of desolated Kaimelė, Vijūkai and Romainiai villages.
Some of the large settlements of the eldership - Užliedžiai, Giraitė, Naujieji Muniškiai – were previously expanding when the workers of the training farm of Lithuanian Veterinary Academy were settling here. Nearly 4 thousand hectares of land belonged to the farm that was formerly one of the strongest in the country. The farm employed 680 workers. After the restoration of the country‘s independence, a large part of the farm lands was returned to the owners or was privatized. The area of the farm land and the number of cattle kept declined four times, and the number of the workers – more than ten times. Farms of the Practical training and trial centre of the current Lithuanian University of Health Sciences (LUHS) operate in Užliedžiai, Giraitė and Naujieji Muniškiai.
Formerly, Užliedžiai settlement was considered as very remote from the city by some people, and therefore not viable.
However, at the time, specifically between 1989 and 1990, it stood out from among other settlements in Kaunas district by the fact that at first streets were paved here, and electricity, water supply, sewerage, and telephone networks were built, and only then did the construction of residential houses begin. In those days, such amenities were an exceptional phenomenon in extra urban settlements. Therefore, people preferred to settle in Sargėnai, Ramučiai or Garliava, that were closer to the city.
In 2006, a large quarter for the construction of residential houses was designed in Vijūkai village, which had no buildings and no residents. The construction began once the communications were equipped and infrastructure was in place. The village is growing and expanding to this day. According to the data from the Population Register of 1 April 2015, Vijūkai village has the population of 611 people. After having regard to the wishes of the local residents, the municipality administration allocated funds and reconstructed the road Giraitė-Vijūkai, and thus improved the conditions of connection with Kaunas city.
Five years ago, at the initiative of enthusiasts, Užliedžiai Community Centre was formed. It held survey of the local residents. The community complained about leisure activities, limited services, poor infrastructure. Children and young people were the most disadvantaged. The centre prepared a project, received financial support, and equipped a playground for the public use. The community started organising sports festivals, bike hikes, camps for children from socially disadvantaged families, acquired Nordic walking poles. The Community Centre is headed by Laima Pilipavičienė.
Currenlty, the reconstruction of the main Leda street is nearing the end. Reconstruction of the building which houses the school, eldership administration, and library is also planned in the near future. Many young families with children move to the eldership. Therefore, a project of a universal multifunctional building has been prepared. The new premises of this building will house a nursery, elementary school, family medical post, library, eldership administration and a leisure hall.
In 2015, the eldership completed the local project “Establishing a multifunctional community home“. The leisure hall facilities were renovated, new spaces for gatherings and activities of the residents of the eldership appeared there, festivals, concerts, performances, other events are organised. Children’s judo group of the sports club “Cunami” is organized in the eldership, and the annual Nevėžis Cup tournament will be held for the eighteenth time.
For the seventh year in a row, the residents of the eldership gather together for “The Day of the Corncrake”. It's a beautiful festival that brings together artistic amateur collectives, families, the whole community. This small but agile and cheerful bird, that is listed on the List of extinct and endangered species of Lithuania, is depicted on the Coat of Arms of Užliedžiai. In mythology, it is a symbol of wisdom, the mediator between earth and heaven. According to ornithologists, the corncrake announces with its sharp voice about the impending summer. In 2012, by decision of the local community council funds were allocated to make a roofed pillar with corncrakes, the symbol of the Coat of Arms of the eldership. The sculptor Algimantas Sakalauskas carved a beautiful oak roofed pillar. It was erected and unveiled during the “The Day of the Corncrake” festival which already become traditional festival of the eldership.
For the convenience of the local residents, the following establishments operate in the eldership: post office, nursery, elementary school, library, cultural centre, medical post. Farms of the Practical training and trial centre of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences (LUHS) operate in Užliedžiai, Giraitė, and Naujieji Muniškiai, also 4 stores, 2 cafes, and Giraites Ginkluotes Gamykla (Giraite Armament Factory). There are two functioning cemeteries in the territory of the eldership – the cemetery of Muniškiai and of Leda.
A significant part of the territory of the eldership fell within Nevėžis Landscape Reserve that was established in 2002. It is intended to preserve the unique landscape of the river Nevėžis, its old valley, rare plant and animal species. In addition to other measures of protection, territories of importance for the protection of birds have been distinguished in the management plan of the reserve that was prepared in 2007. Conditions for preserving corncrakes that are listed on the List of extinct and endangered species of Lithuania and of their hatching places were foreseen. Every two years, the eldership, together with the workers of Kaunas Lagoon Regional Park, organises counting of corncrakes in the meadows of Nevėžis Reserve. A cognitive recreation ground is equipped in the reserve, on the bank of the river, not far from Užliedžiai.
The road that runs from Kaunas on the left bank of the river Nevėžis towards Babtai overlooks a wonderful view: on the left side – the water-meadows of the river Nevėžis with abundant grassy vegetation, on the right side – the slopes of the river Nevėžis overgrown with trees. Deciduous trees predominate: willows, many species of maples, some oaks, linden, hawthorn trees. The dominant shrub species are hazelnut, spindle tree, thorn. More than 40 species of trees and shrubs can be found here. Travelling is especially beautiful in spring during the blooming of common hepatica: the slopes are blue like the sea. Later anemones, lily of the valley, Aegopodium, wood sorrel and other species burst into bloom. The meanders of the river Nevėžis are very picturesque at any time of the year.